There is enough political resistance at the national level within the EU when it comes to accepting asylum seekers, refugees and displaced persons for humanitarian reasons. Much of the resistance is based on fear that often develops into an improved support for the nationalistic, populist and even racist parties. Besides, one of the main reasons can be the lack of political and institutional experience in several member states. Regarding the “United in Diversity” principle, when it comes to values, experiences and mentality, there are differences.
Sweden and Germany have a several decade long history of dealing with humanitarian migration while, for example, Poland or Estonia lack enough experience in this area. Since “the migration challenge” is global, there is a need for a more effective and influential decision-making process on the EU-level. The European Union must be able to stand for and act in accordance with the required values such as basic human rights, in order to function in a global world.
Within the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe we have for a long time advocated a common and central migration system which could replace the current Dublin system. Besides, the Mediterranean Sea is after all the Union’s southern border. A reform is necessary in order to act in the spirit of the Charter of the United Nations. The UN migration experts have requested from the EU to help solve the migration crisis by accepting about 1 million refugees during the years to come. Today the majority of the EU-citizens are primarily claiming responsibility among the national politicians and institutions for migration issues and their discontent with it.
In order to solve the crisis there is a need for more voices to reach Brussels. For that reason ALDE has worked out the following proposals:
1. Replacement of the Dublin system with a common EU-system by establishing The European Asylum Support Office. The financial support should be distributed from EU-level to national level regarding the administration processes for integration. This would also lead to the creation of legal ways within EU for those who are justified to search asylum or refugee status.
2. Implementation of a “EU-blue card” similar to USA`s green card. Primarily for highly educated migrants and qualified workers who will shortly after arrival be able to join the labour market.
3. To provide more resources for Frontex in order to conduct more effective search and rescue operations and actions against the human smugglers. This kind of system would make the EU as a political union more effective in the area of migration policy since allocation would mean a more fair distribution between the member states regarding responsibility, sovereignty and humanitarian solidarity.