The Path to the EU of the year 2030 NYC - Metropolitan Musem of Art
What is the right path?

The Importance of the Deepening, Institutionalization and Enlargement Towards 2030

The European Union (EU) is the best example of the organization of regional unification, combining peripheries of the European continent and it became the most important element for distributing peace, stability and prosperity through its unprecedented success.  Owing to the European geography's historical characteristics, the EU has embraced a historical mission which has been unique for Europe's stability. In this context, the EU has gained crucial and extraordinary background to give prospect for 2030 and beyond this time. 

The EU has ensured the institutionalization and deepening beyond a classic international organization. Moreover, it has achieved such level of integration because of its own theme, a common currency, a single border and last but not least its common flag. Despite the fact that EU has experienced a vital deepening process, there are still further steps that should be taken in order to assure a good path for the institutionalization of the EU in the nearest future. In this article, I am going to argue about the EU's future, policy of deepening and enlargement as well as institutionalization of the EU. I am going to introduce these evaluations in the light of expectations towards to the European Union.

medium_2243543808.jpg

Main Goal for Europe Union: Europe gets a Single Voice

The most optimistic aspect for Europe 2030, which is also its main target, is to speak with single unified European voice. An Institutionalized, deepened and enlarged EU will be a significant advantage both to solve its own troubles and to act effectively on the international issues. When we have evaluated the EU's problem so far, we could explicitly notice that the problems have been resourced because of the EU's non-institutionalization structure and the lack of democracy on its own ground.

Deepening and institutionalization are the terms closely linked with each other. They are the crucial steps in order to make the federal Europe a reality by political unification. If the rate of the authority’s transference to Brussels increases from every Memberstate of the EU  decisions will be carried out more sufficiently in the future.

EU has revealed utmost unprecedented historical, political and economic integration among the Member States. Despite this success, EU has been obstructed with her own troubles. More importantly, the EU depends itself to members veto power which causes the perception of the Tyrans’s Europe instead of People's Europe. In addition, the EU has been influenced by the economic crisis which begun in 2008. It has deepened the disagreement concerning the crisis, raising concerns about not only how to get out of the crisis but also how to construct a mechanism for keeping the EU away from such economic troubles. When compared to the USA, another actor affected by economic crisis, this country has conducted a more effective and more flexible process to be preserved through its political structures. Consequently, it has been influenced by the economic crisis to a lesser extent than the European Union.

Steps towards the institutionalization will be progressed in parallel with deeper integration. In this context, present EU institutions should be empowered. In addition, the new institutions’ supervision mechanism should be carried out more fluently and effectively over all Member States. Through supervision mechanism, problems could be revealed within the EU. Their implication could be predicted and prevented earlier. Moreover, it will allow all reforms to be conducted more easily. 

Another important point is that while EU is being integrated, it will get enlarged.

The EU will be faced with future enlargements in the Balkans and Turkey. In this context, the enlargement should be evaluated in two main points. 

First of all, Balkan countries which warmly desire to become part of EU and should arrange it with each other. Otherwise, it seems impossible. For the EU, permanent peace in Balkan geography needs to be guaranteed. Second of all, in 2030 Turkey is predicted to have approximately 85 million inhabitants. Its characteristic as a Muslim and secular country will provide not only the varieties and multivocality, but also it will contribute effectively to communication with the Muslim world. For EU, Turkey's influence may play a crucial role in Muslim communities. Until 2030, the enlargement to these regions will be ensured to reach Europe's natural border and to cover the whole of Europe as well.

In 2030, to have ensured an institutionalization, deepening and reach of the 'natural borders' of the EU, it will display not only a people's Europe but also a really politically functional Europe. This process will evolve within a federal structure. It will empower the EU to decide about internal or external policy with a single voice. Requirements that I arrayed up should happen in accordance with EU's goals. As a result, expectations for 2030 and beyond that time will remain high and these steps will ensure a globally powerful position of Europe.

Results and Recommendations

Even though the EU has ensured peace, stability, collaboration and prosperity in the European continent, the expectations still have been rising day by day. Therefore, Member States should take a risk for EU's deepening and institutionalization process which is crucial for carrying a better future to all European citizens. Additionally, EU' interest ought to prevail over the national interest and all Memberstates should act in accordance with this principle. To think about the EU' interest instead of the national interest, member countries will strengthen the position of  the  EU, which will have a real global power so that the EU citizens will be the winners again. 

EU's deepening and institutionalization has reached a critical point and there is no way to turn back from deepening and enlargement. After that, compromise shouldn't be given. Both, a single voice and stronger EU should be built by 2030.