The European Union, an ambitious and dynamic actor:
The EU produces almost 10% of greenhouse gas (GHG) worldwide. While wishing to reduce its CO2 consumption, it leads the Kyoto Protocol signed in 1997. Deciding a 20% reduction by the year 2020 compared to 1990, the EU increased its goals of 40% 2030 and 60% by 2050. These agreements comes from the European Council and are crucial steps for the construction of a Europe of sustainable energy towards the economic and ecological challenges of the twenty-first century. Without the use of international credits, Europe produces a clean investment plan, at the forefront of global energy transition.
Therefore, despite the severity of the economic crisis, the EU maintains its priority to climate policy and hopes to reach a legally binding agreement with a target of 2°C in Paris The EU relies on various ambitious partners as well, Russia setting a GHG reduction commitment of 25 to 30% in 2030 compared to 1990, Switzerland a 50% and Norway a commitment of 40%. However, we do not have a world order. Each country has divergent national interests because of their economic structure, their natural resources or even their territorial organization.
The European Union must lead by example and assume its political:
In fact, since the beginning of the COP, the stakes are high and the results are disappointing. Mobilization missions and other means used are too high and the global governance is too much timid. The unanimous agreement involves strong concessions and the countries are not willing to do it. If the United States and China concluded a text providing for a reduction of 26-28% by 2025, it remains modest. Canada and Australia are also two countries who want to preserve their resource extraction to maintain their high energy consumption.
However, the difficulty should not be a pretext to abandon. For instance, if France has a vital role in the smooth conduct of the negotiations, it is up to the EU to formulate solutions and to be the voice of the most vulnerable countries. The EU, the development aid donor must assume its leadership. The issue becomes political and geopolitical. But will the exemplary nature of the European Union will be enough to convince the rest of the world? The challenge is there, the future will tell.