Is Turkey a new danger for Europe? Property Turkey


The aftermath of the coup finds Turkey in the middle of critical decisions about its geopolitical future. Recep Tayipp Erdogan, Turkey's president since 2002, has the momentum in favour of him. His absolute power in Turkey, gives him the chance to establish a new era in the Turkish Army Forces in the country in general. 



Turkish geopolitics

Turkey, with numerous internal problems, remains a main power in the region of Middle East. The situation in Syria and the evolvement of ISIS, turned Turkey into a great importance actor of stability for E.U. and NATO. Ankara's aspirations, created a lot of problems for the West and the US.

Last episode of Turkish aspirations was the statement of Erdogan about Iraq: “What do they say? Turkey shouldn’t enter Mosul. Why can’t we enter? We have a 350-kilometer border [with Iraq]. Others who have nothing to do with the region enter it. We will not be responsible for the negative consequences that would emerge from any operation that doesn’t include Turkey. We will be involved both in the operation and at the [negotiating] table afterward. It is not possible for us to stay excluded”.


EU problematic relation with Turkey

Ankara's neighbourhood policy sends fearful messages to the West, in a time when the West world is searching for solutions in a bunch of problems. Especially EU, which has criticized Turkish actions towards the implementation of European rules, is now managing the immigration flows. 

Refugee deal, which was reached between Turkey and EU, came after a very demanding process with a lot of negotiations between the two parts. At last, Turkey agreed to stop migrants from crossing into European Union through Greece. In exchange, EU offers financial aid and the promise of visa-free travel to Europe if Turkey amends its legislation. However, EU officials expressed deep concerns that legislation of Turkey and in particular the anti-terrorist law, can be used to persecute dissidents. 

However, the reciprocal visa-free access has been postponed due to a dispute over Turkish anti-terrorism legislation and concern in the EU about the scale of Ankara’s policy following the failed coup.


Nuclear dreams of Tayipp

The Akkuyu Nuclear Power Plant is under construction again, after the first deal between Russia and Turkey, six years ago. When completed, the plant will have four reactors each producing 1,200MW of electricity and will reach 10 percent of the country's total energy requirement with a potential energy production of 4,500MW. The project is expected to be revived in 2022.

It is certain that the planned reactors do not pose a proliferation risk. But still there are fears that the combination of weak export controls and the presence of nuclear materials and related technologies could be somehow dangerous. Nobody can forget that Turkish companies were among the many international suppliers to A.Q. Kahn's black-market nuclear smuggling ring. Moreover, Iranian nationals who have established front companies in Turkey have sent nuclear materials to Iran via Turkey.


Aspirations of Erdogan for Greek islands

"They threatened us with Sevres in 1920 and persuaded us to accept Lausanne in 1923. Some tried to deceive us by presenting Lausanne as a victory. At Lausanne, we gave away the (Greek) islands that you could shout across to,” said Erdogan at his 27th gathering of village chiefs in Ankara. “We are still struggling about what the continental shelf will be and what will be in the air and land. The reason for this is due to those who sat at the table during that treaty. Those who sat there did not do us justice and we are reaping those troubles right now. If the recent coup had succeeded, they would have given us a treaty that would have made us long for Sevres.”

Erdogan's statements made Greek diplomacy to react and fear came back for Greek-Turkish relations. However, Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu, stated that “all countries have to abide by their international agreements and treaties, whether they like or not,” in response to a question from New Democracy MP Dora Bakoyannis at the Council of Europe.




Sources

"Erdogan disputes Treaty of Lausanne, prompting response from Athens", ekathimerini.com, 29/09/2016

"Cavusoglu plays down doubting of Lausanne Treaty", ekathimerini.com, 12/10/2016

“Turkey cannot be excluded from Mosul operation: Erdoğan”, Hurriyet Daily News, 17/10/2016

“A.Q. Khan Network: The Case Is Not Closed,” Testimony to the Subcommittee on International Terrorism and Nonproliferation, Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives, U.S. Congress, May 25, 2006 

“Akkuyu nuclear power plant turns into strategic investment”, Baris Simsek, Daily Sabah, 10/08/2016 “Is Turkey Abetting Iran?”, Jonathan Schanzer, National Interest, 01/11/2013