Lately, the international community
has witnessed a great enthusiasm on part of
While some critics may argue that
The French intervention in the Central African
Republic (CAR) should be viewed in the light of certain factors which have
The CAR used to be a French colony and after it gained its independence in 1960, has been repeatedly drawn into political chaos, since the common strategy for getting to power in the CAR was to organize a coup d’état against the former government. This unfortunate “tradition” is one of the reasons which triggered high instability in the country. The most recent event which led to the CAR’s spiralling into chaos is the Seleka takeover of the government, following a coup against the former president, François Bozizé.
Seleka is a Muslim rebel group which has justified the overthrown of president Bozizé by accusing him of corruption and failure to follow through on earlier peace deals. Naturally, these allegations are not even remotely surprising, since the CAR is one of the most unstable and poorest African countries. However, instead of providing stability, as promised, the rebels' takeover has only worsened the domestic situation and has triggered a sectarian conflict between two religious groups which had previously been living in peace. Seleka has been accused of committing atrocities against the Christian population which in return created its own militia aiming at defence and retaliation.
We are witnessing a shift in a state’s motivation when it comes to interference in the domestic affairs of another state. These political actors are no longer guiding their external policies strictly on their national interests, but at the same time they are seeking to provide humanitarian relief and be proactive in acting against human rights violation.
Critics might disagree with this point of view, but the truth is that regardless of the secondary aims France might have to intervene in the CAR (and previously in Libya and Mali), its activity has triggered humanitarian outcomes and has played an important role in limiting the level of violence in these countries. Thus, France is promoting and defending human rights by always referring to the "Responsibility to Protect" (R2P), a doctrine which makes the state the main responsible in protecting its citizens and enables the international community to act when states fail to do so.
Furthermore, the French intervention in the CAR is not only legitimate, since it is focused on humanitarian purposes and it is backed by the African Union, but it is also a legal operation, authorized under UN Security Council resolution.
All things considered, it seems like