"Environmental taxes have been increasingly used to influence the behaviour of economic operators, whether producers or consumers, since these taxes generate revenue that can potentially be used to promote further environmental protection."
That's a quote from the European Commission's statistical report on environment taxes.
In it, you can see that European environment taxes come from various sources, including energy, transport, pollution and resources, and the graph above shows how the taxes looked for the various EU member-states in 2011.
It shows that energy taxes (which include taxes on transport fuels) represented the highest share - accounting for an average of 74.7 % of the EU-27 total in 2011.
Households paid an average of just under half (47.1 %) of all energy taxes that were collected by governments, while 46.4 % of the total was paid by businesses (in agriculture, fishing, mining, manufacturing, electricity supply, construction and services) and some 3.3 % by non-residents.
What do you think of the way the taxes are spread out?
And do you think that it's fair for households to pay just under half of the energy taxes collected?
Let us know in the comment field below.