In late October, at the request of the Communist Party of China, a delegation of the Democratic Party - including you – represented the Democratic Party in China. What did you discuss and above all what have you agreed during the meetings?
At the level of the Democratic Party we have a privileged relationship with China. Being a country with a single party, the Chinese Communist Party has a major role also in relation to the State. This allows us to have an informal diplomacy relationship, thanks to which we have the chance to discuss the issues that concern the international politics with our Chinese colleagues.
For a long time by now, was established a memorandum of understanding between the Democratic Party of Italy and the Communist Party of China, which also provides the efficient exchanges of information. Besides, our cooperation favoured the creation of the common delegations on local and national levels.
During the visit in late October, we spoke mainly about: economy, human rights, culture and relationships at a local level between the Italian and Chinese regions, thanks to which future cooperation could be established, seminars and ad hoc exchanges on different themes to ensure that the dialogue would be as profitable as possible.
The S & D Group’s President of the European Parliament, Gianni Pittella, after his visit to Beijing, said that the Chinese government has the intention to participate in the Juncker plan. What is your opinion about it?
I can assume that for China a strong European Union both economically and politically, is seen as a reliable partner.
Behind it there is an argument related to the fact that today the world is no longer unipolar; China does not like the idea that we could go towards a bipolar world - as it was in the Cold War - but Chinas’a current management imagines a multipolar world.
In this sense, China sees Europe as one of the most interesting and most important poles, not only because we are still the largest market in the world, but because they think that there could be developments if Europe equips itself with a stronger, more coherent and more visible political representation.
We are not yet at this point, the limits are all ours.
I find positive their willingness to participate in the Juncker plan.
How do you assess the Italian adhesion at the AIIB, promoted by Beijing, considering the growing weight of China in the Mediterranean Sea and especially the construction of the new maritime Silk Road that should even lap against the Italian coast?
The potentialities in economic terms are huge; this is the reason why Italy and other major European and Asian countries have joined the AIIB.
From my point of view, we must ensure that this institution will not be an alternative to the International Monetary Fund or the Asian Development Bank that were tied to an old world order, driven primarily by the United States.
Therefore, the fact that Beijing may play a role in these large international financial structures is important.
This should induce the IMF and the World Bank to give more weight and even more power to Countries like China and incite the last one to take also more responsibility within these organizations, so that we can act in concert with this new investment bank and not in competition with the other international bodies. If it were a competitor of the existing international bodies, the western investors and other Asian countries could somehow pull the brake, if they would see that before using it for the great economic and financial potentialities, it would become a body that plays a political role: this would make many of those who had joined more cautious.
A second potentiality is The Silk Road, especially the Maritime Sea.
This may be an opportunity for China to settle some disputes that are still ongoing with other countries of the region. For example, the maritime silk road cannot avoid considering the tensions in the South China Sea or how to fully engage India, considering that the maritime silk road should pass, very close to this country: to Sri Lanka. The idea of not considering India is not possible because it is another big area of great economic and political power that must of course be involved.