For many years Western countries, which are
now called the developed countries of the world, exploited their colonies and
absorbed the majority of their essential resources and used them for their own
profit. The great colonizing powers mainly from Europe did not make big
investments in infrastructures in order to promote quality of life improvements
in their former territories. The actual decolonisation could be the right time to
return those benefits to the former colonies trough international cooperation
for development (ICD) but more can be done.
A developing country that does not have enough resources to promote its own development will need official development assistance (ODA) so that it can get financial or logistical aid from the developed countries, that once were their colonisers. The ODA funds will permit to create ICD projects, which are needed to help in the development of the developing countries, the way that this aid is applied can differ from country to country, or international organization.
Development is something that is part of our societies, and now that we live in globalized societies, the development needs to follow the globalization. However each society takes its own time to develop, we cannot obligate a Maghreb country to be so developed as the United States of America in a just few years without any ODA.
New infrastructures need to be created to improve the welfare of local population in developing countries, especially in the Least Developed Countries (LCD). There are a few setbacks in developing countries where their societies are normally fragile and armed conflicts can occur easily, which provoke the destruction of some of the progress and prosperity already achieved.
To develop a country time is necessary, in order to create real results. An ICD programme will bring only advantages for all the stakeholders but a programme of development requires the consent of the local communities.
The Western vision for development sometimes is not the best option for a developing country, there are different perspectives, and the ODA is never free of ideology and external influence. As for example the many cases during the Cold Word, where the two blocks were trying to get more influence through ODA programs.
Even the International Organizations and the NGO’s, normally seen as free of ideologies end up to influence the local communities with Western ideas and sometimes this is not well accepted by local societies because of the cultural and ethnic differences.
The Western reality is different from the developing countries reality; each community has their own priorities. The top priorities will have to receive the first aid in order to help their development, which will improve the well being of the local populations. The ODA is an essential aid and when local costumes and traditions are respected the ICD it can be better accepted.
It is necessary to study and understand very well the local communities that will receive ODA in the way to create an ICD program between local and foreign actors. Hence it is necessary to increase the local human capital, thuspreparing local groups with autonomy whom in a short term will be able to provide a long term improvement in the well-fare conditions of their communities.
The development has to be sustainable, the real results can take more time but will permit the countries to survive and improve its own societies in a long term. A sustainable development will give a better future to the new generations, as is always better to teach a man how to fish than give a man a fish.
The political regimes are also a factor that has influence in the speed of the societies’ development, but it cannot be seen as a differential factor. For example the Somalian case that Turkey is investing in the stability of Somalia, while others are waiting for the stability in the country to invest.
We cannot impose western ideologies in societies used to live in a tribal base of organization, for more strange and against our values it may seem to us, it is up to the locals to chose the best regime for them. That is why the new South-South cooperation, is having better acceptance than the North-South cooperation, characterized by the relations between former colonizers and colonized.
The South-South cooperation is a new kind of partnership between equal countries, the new emerging countries, such as China, Brazil, Turkey which are also developing countries, have now a strong voice in the global system. They are moving from receptors of ODA to donors of ODA, and they understand better than the Western countries the local needs of developing countries.
The ODA is better accepted by other developing countries when implemented by the new emerging countries, but a local base of organizations is still needed which will be the pillar of the sustainable development. This way the local populations will keep their traditions and customs alive, which will help to maintain our globalized world full of diversity, and not a world uniformed with Western ideas, without any multiculturalism, that so characterizes the life of our societies. That is what the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) tries also to do. The EU works with its southern and eastern neighbours to achieve the closest possible political association and the greatest possible degree of economic integration without damaging the cultural interface of the local societies but by impressing them to embrace a more democratic structure in every sector tailored for the local background.